菲尔•尼布洛克

发表于 2015-09-30

phill

美国简约作曲家菲尔•尼布洛克自60年代中期一直活跃于多媒体领域。他的作品通常是混合数个电影镜头(通常是非西方群众的工作画面),或是其他视觉元素如幻灯片、影片、摄影等,多个元素混合在一起后再配上自己的音乐。他的音乐特点是多个声音同时发声、拉长,产生密集、近乎静止的音响,常用庞大的24轨数字处理方式展现大块面的微分音群,听众几乎难以察觉其中的变化,而且他的音乐有种逐渐向你逼近的感觉。

尼布洛克说:“我的音乐想表达的是节奏或旋律以外的东西,我用大量微分音的缓慢进行来表达这些东西。”自1968年起,菲尔在他的工作室中录制了超过1000场音乐会,合作者包括Ryoji Ikeda, Zbigniew Karkowski, Jim O’Rourke等。

尼布洛克对众多年轻作曲家产生了深远的影响,比如Susan Stenger, Lois V Vierk, David First, and Glenn Branca等。他的录音作品不多,许多人认为他的作品和舞台环境密不可分,因此不适合录音。为了弥补这个缺憾,也为了让其他现代作曲家的作品呈现,他与大卫•贝尔曼、洛伊丝•V•维尔克一起制作了实验媒介基金会系列CD。他在60年代晚期加入实验媒介基金会,70年代早期担任展示会制作人,1985年成为基金会总裁。担任总裁后,他的作品经常在北美与欧洲的美术馆与展场演出,包括MoMA、伦敦当代艺术中心与布鲁塞尔美术馆。他曾获美国教育协会与古根海姆基金会等大型机构颁发奖助金。他从1971年开始一直在纽约市立大学任教。

Phill NIBLOCK is an intermedia artist using music, film, photography, video and computers. He makes thick, loud drones of music, filled with microtones of instrumental timbres which generate many other tones in the performance space. Simultaneously, he presents films / videos which look at the movement of people working, slides, or computer driven black and white abstract images floating through time. He was born in Indiana in 1933. Since the mid-60’s he has been making music and intermedia performances which have been shown at numerous venues around the world. Since 1985, he has been the director of the Experimental Intermedia Foundation in New York where he has been an artist/member since 1968. He is the producer of Music and Intermedia presentations at EI since 1973 (about 1000 performances) and the curator of EI’s XI Records label. In 1993 was formed an Experimental Intermedia organization in Gent, Belgium – EI v.z.w. Gent – to support the artist-in-residence house and installations there. Niblock has no formal musical training. His minimalistic drone approach to composition and music was inspired by the musical and atistic activities of New York in the 1960s (from the art of Mark Rothko, Carl Andre, Sol LeWitt, Donald Judd, Robert Morris to the music of John Cage and Morton Feldman’s Durations pieces). Niblock’s music is an exploration of sound textures created by multiple tones in very dense, often atonal tunings (generally microtonal in conception) performed in long durations. The layering of long tones only very slightly distinct in pitch creates a multitude of beats and generates complex overtone patterns and other fascinating psychoacoustic effects. The combination of apparently static surface textures and extremely active harmonic movement generates a highly original music that, while having things in common with early drone-based Minimalism, is utterly distinct in sound and technique. Niblock’s work continues to influence a generation of musicians, especially younger players from a variety of musical genres. Much of his pieces are based on collaborations with specific musicians. Over the years he has thus worked with a large number of the most diverse players including: Susan Stenger, Robert Poss, Jim O’Rourke, Ulrich Krieger, Seth Josel, Tom Buckner, and many others. He is the recipient of the prestigious 2014 Foundation for Contemporary Arts John Cage award. His music is available on the XI, Moikai, Mode Records, and Touch labels. A double-DVD of films and music, lasting nearly four hours, is available on the Extreme label.